Barangay Maligaya is located 24 kilometers away from the Poblacion of Malaybalay with a total land area of 1,954 hectares of flat lands and timberlands. It is bounded in the North by Sitio Matangpatang of Barangay Miglamin, in the South by Barangay Managok, in the East by Barangay Miglamin and Barangay Linabo in the West. The barangay is composed of six (6)Puroks; Purok 1 is in the southern part of the barangay, Purok 2, 5 & 6 are in the North, and Purok 3 and 4 are in the East.
The table shows the population and household population in the barangay. Maligaya has total population of 2, 356 with total household of 524 . It is observed that in Purok 5 has the highest number of population of 698. Thus in Purok 4 has the lowest number of population with the total of 54.
Alang sa kasiguruan sa katawhan sa among barangay, gilantaw namo ang kaangayan diha sa usag-usa, gitinguhan ang insakto ug maayu pamaagi sap aglabu ug pagdumala nga makapahimulos sa hustong kinaiyahang balansi nga diin ang pagpanguma ug mga produkto niini tanan mahatagan ug pagdasig ang mga magpapatigayon alang sa kalambuan sa atong industriya nga gitinguha sa tanan.
Ang katawhan sa Baragay Maligaya, malinawon ug nagkahi-usa ug mahigug-maon sa Diyos, malambuon sa panginabuhe. Adunay kaugaligon rakos, mauswagon nagpahimulos sap ag-ugmad sa kayutaan basin sa agrikultursa ug pag protekta sa Kalasangan nga maoy gitinguhan alang sa kabulahan sap ag-amoma sa balansi ug ekologiha nga maoy gipangandoy sa tanan.
Before it became a regular barangay it was called Sitio Abuhan, which was part of Barangay Managok. This name derived from creek Named ABUHAN that drains from the hill sides. There were few families who inhabited on it. These were the Malinda family headed the Ethnic Groups, which occupied the vast portion of this timber land. They cultivated the area and planted it with various agricultural crops as their means of living. Until such time, that the economy develops and more people visited this area and decided to settle in this land.
The leader named Teofelo Malinda, petitioned the Municipal Government of Malaybalay, to separate the Sitio Abuhan from the Barangay Managok, into a regular Barangay. The Request was granted by the Municipal Interior and Local Government, and the special barangay Election was held. Teofilo Malinda became the First Barangay Captain. A resolution then was passed naming the Barangay as Barangay Maligaya. Of which according to the name “MALINDA” derived from the family name of “Teofilo Malinda”, “MALI” from the first four letters of “MALINDA”, which “ NDA” were omitted, and were replace “GAYA” which became “MALIGAYA” which means “HAPPINESS”