Barangay Sumpong has a total Land area of 577 hectares comprising of 10 puroks with population of 8,392 as of 2017 and 8,896 as of 2013, of 40% hail from the seven different tribes of Bukidnon ,namely, the Bukidnon, Umayamnon, Higaonon, Manobo , Talaandig, Tigwahanon and Matigsalog.Major concerns in the Barangay in the Barangay that needs to be addressed to provide the residents decent, doable and effective income generating activities were identified: Unemployment was as high as 70%;Pre-school children has no access to early childhood education; Reported cases of child labor; undocumented prevalent cases of violence against women and children; Absence of water sealed toilets; significant number of malnourished children ; Lack of stable and focused activities for the Elderly in the Barangay; Documented cases of juvenile delinquencies and early marriages among teen-agers are quite high resulting to dysfunctional families.
The promotion of the general welfare of the constituency is the primary mission of thebarangay government thru the sangguniang barangay and the barangay assembly shall endeavor to achieve self reliance, prompt delivery of basic services, increase commercial productivity and investments, regenerates natural human resources and democratize acces to resources and oppurtunities.
Sumpong as a barangay of self reliant and self- sufficient people, enjoying the fullness oflife with decency, in an atmosphere of peace, justice and equality, and as one of the commercially based with optimally developed economy, ecologically balanced and god loving community
Long before and up to the present, The river of Migkayagan better known today asTagoloan River has been considered as a sacred place to the Indigenous community for it was where the house with nine roofs that cradled the nine sacred jars and guarded by nine fabulous spears stood proudly as pillarsof edifice,worthy of highlanders creed throughout Mindanaoas it symbolizesTagoloan as the cradle of Tribal Laws. Also found in Tagoloan is the growing Rock that manifest the peace pact between the Muslims and the Bukidnons, on it was a kind of locatorthat points to an overlooking place where the pillar of edifice was, and that area was called Sumpong. A holy place that even bad elements are forbidden to pass by and those who shall try shall suffer the consequence of death. Sumpong as it was called before is still Sumpong to the present created as one of the smallest unit of government, called Barangay Sumpong.
Relocation of the Tagoloanons.
In the middle of the 19th century Spaniards aspired to integrate Bukidnons into colonial society through Christianization, but this have not been achieved for
Bukidnons, like the Tagoloan aborigines ( Indigenous people residents of Sumpong) has ever since has their own cultural beliefs and prefer to live their aboriginal life. When the Americans took over, it was Don Manolo Fortich, whom the Americans assigned and tasked to implement its Political Integration, “ which is to let people live in a specified settlement or by stopping the people from being nomadic and to live in a well-organized and civilized community,”. Thus,Don Manolo Fortich pursue the political programs of the US by using different approaches up to the extent of forcefully bringing them in assigned settlements. This U.S. program in our vernacular tongue is called a “ Sumpo policy” to stop those people from being nomadic and let them live in a well- organized and civilized society.
Sumpong, a U.S.created Settlement
The people of Tagoloan has no option but to submit to Don Manolo Fortich, and they settled in what now Barangay Sumpong, which name, was the result of their request that they will submit to Don Manolo, provided that they may be allowed to bring the name of their holy place which was Sumpong. Thus. Sumpong derives its name which mean a holy overlooking place. Headed by Datu Mandupila- Juan Luminton, the Propia, Melendez, Caresia, Maniano, Benito,Ayoc,Batico ,Pionso and Villamor followed by the Can ayanon`s like the lunsayan, Bildo, ,Meliston`s and others, these people are the original early settlers of Barangay Sumpong, whiom it was believed as a sitio of Malaybalay proper.
(the above historical background were taken from the compilation of Bukidnon History filed at Xavier University School Library, Cagayan de Oro City, part of which was taken from the library of Mindanao State University Library.)
Political and Physical information
From being a Sitio of Malaybalay Proper, Sumong was created into a Barangay by virtue of Resolution # 14 of the then Municipality of Malaybalay. The Barangay government of Sumpong was formally organized after the ratification of the proposed creation in 1961. From then on the Barangay government of Sumpong was legally recognized as one of the smallest unit of government in the municipality of Malaybalay and now City of Malaybalay.
As of 2013, Barangay Sumpong has 5,200 registered voters. They are accommodated by 14 precincts at Sumpong Elementary School.Barangay Sumpong has an area of 577 hectares. Though it is under Malaybalay City`s jurisdiction and considered under urban category a big portion of the total land area is still considered as Rural in the sense that no passable roads and bridges where transportation can go through so that our farmers` farm products can be transported to the City. Another reason is that the indigenous people living in the area mostly claimants and up to this writing land conflict problems are still in process.The Sangguniang Barangay, with the tribal Organization`s intervention to unite all claimants, we can only hope that they can come up with a solution to resolve this problem. By then, these claimants can be assured to live in peace with their own lands.