Mandates and Functions
- Ensure that all measures are considered by the City Government to protect, restore,and enhance environmental quality for sustainable development. Develop plans and strategies and upon approval thereof, by the mayor, implement the same, particularly those which have to do with environment
and natural resources programs and projects which the mayor is empowered to implement and which the city council is empowered to provide for under the Local Government Code (RA 7160);
- Operationalizethe powers and responsibilities of the City Government in environmental and natural resources Formulate measures for
the consideration of the city council and provide technical assistance and support to the mayor in carrying out measures to ensure the delivery of basic services and provision of adequate facilities relative to environment
and natural resources services as provided for under Section 17 of the Local Government Code;
- Sustainthe potential of the natural and physical resources to provide the needs of the present and future generation;
- Provide guidance and support to the component barangays in the exercise of theirpowers relative to environmental protection and management;
- Establish a framework for a participatory, inter-agency and multi-sectoral system ofenvironmental management in the City of Malaybalay;
- Ensure and assist actions of industries, business sector and the communities in thepollution prevention, clean production and technologies, waste minimization, soil & water conservation and wise resources management;
- Ensure the prevention, reduction, minimization and where practicable elimination ofharm to the environment;
- Coordinate and facilitate the adoption and implementation of policies, programs, andactivities of the national government with that of the City Government to ensure effective and harmonized environmental protection, restoration and enhancement;
- Provide mechanism for monitoring, assessment and reporting on the environmentalquality on a regular basis to ensure City Government’s compliance with environmental laws, rules, regulations and standards;
- Promote and develop community based information and education dissemination toencourage community involvement in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programs and projects relating to environmental management; and
- Ensurethat proper weight will be given for both short and long term economic, social, environmental and equity consideration in deciding and in the policy making on all matters relating to environmental resources use, protection, restoration and
The City ENRO will serve as the frontline in the delivery of the environmental protection, preservation and conservation services of the City Government through effective partnership with all stakeholders and through the integration of the principle of ecological sustainable development in all policies and programs.
The City ENRO envisioned Malaybalay City as a community of God-Loving and pro-active citizens pursuing agro-industrial economic progress based on judicious use of natural resources while also safeguarding and sustaining the life-supporting capacity of the environment to maintain ecological balance for the benefit of the present and future generations.
The City Environment and Natural Resources Office (City ENRO) was officially created by virtue of City Ordinance No. 624, Series of 2008, An Ordinance Creating the Organizational Structure and Staffing Pattern of the City of Malaybalay. The Ordinance created the new organizational structure and staffing of the City Government of Malaybalay including the creation of the three (3) new departments namely City Human Resources Management Office, City Legal Office, and the City Environment and Natural Resources Office.
The office started its operation on July 19, 2009 with the appointment of key supervisory and technical positions which included the two Supervising Environmental Management Specialists (Division Chiefs), 1 Environmental Management Specialist, 1 Community Development Assistant, and 1 Administrative Aide IV for the management unit. One of the Supervising Environmental Management Specialist, Ms. Maria Anita L. Fernandez was designated as Officer-in-Charge until her appointment as the first full-pledge City ENR Officer in the year 2011.
To operationalize the functions of the office with the limited manpower, some personnel from other departments were detailed to the office to assist in the delivery of environmental management services particularly on the solid waste management program. From the year 2011 until 2016, more plantilla positions were filled-up. More Job Order personnel were also hired to assist in the different programs and services for the two existing divisions; the Environmental Management Division (EMD) and Watershed Management Division (WMD).
Annual report 2021
City Linis Project
For the year 2021, the City Linis Program continues to provide employment opportunities to residents of the city. A total of 2,700 individuals were hired for the whole year covering the period January 7 – December 31, 2021. They were assigned to maintain the general cleanliness of the main and some inner streets of the city and to assist in the clean and green programs of the barangays. The nature of work of the program beneficiaries was not only limited to the general cleanliness of the main streets. It was expanded to cater other concerns like beautification, ecological solid waste management, drainage canal maintenance, nursery establishment, greening program, environmental protection, food production and maintenance of government-owned facilities considering that the number of beneficiaries also increased.
The program is part of the Cash for Work Program of the City Government and is aligned under the Clean and Green Environment (CAGE) Program of the City ENRO. The program has significantly contributed to the general cleanliness of the major roads and thoroughfares, inner streets and in addressing the problem on eyesores. Some beneficiaries of the program are also mobilized in the clean-up and in the collection of uncollected waste and the illegally dumped solid wastes. Prior to the start of the work cycle of the beneficiaries, they were required to attend an orientation. During the orientation, policies and protocols of the program were discussed. The Program design was also regularly reviewed and updated to make sure that the program is responsive to the current needs of the city.
Despite the suspension of face-to-face classes in our elementary schools due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, the implementation of the Eco-Savers Program was still sustained in some schools namely: Laguitas Elementary School, Aglayan Elementary Schools, Casisang Integrated School, Airport Village Central School, Patpat Elementary School, Dalwangan Elementary School and Sumpong Central School. Participation of each school is through the initiatives of the school administrator and the teachers. Recyclable materials collected were coming from the parents and the teachers and from the school operation. For the whole year, a total of 9,439.77 kilos of recyclable materials were collected. Majority of which were papers comprising 8,131 kilograms or 86.14%. Shown in the table below are the collected recyclable materials with the corresponding weight.
he program is part of the waste reduction/diversion strategy of the City Government that also promotes the idea that “May Pera sa Basura”. It also acknowledged the role of the school in values formation and environmental awareness of our children more particularly on waste segregation and reduction. The general purpose of the program is to inculcate in the young minds of our students the value of environmental conservation through simple initiatives starting from proper waste management.
Clean and Green Program
Clean and Green Evaluation
The program has once again revolved to another level. Starting the year 2021, the program was further enhanced to widen its scope and coverage. As an incentive mechanism, the program was now designed to include stallholders of the City Market. This is to integrate and generate multi-sectoral advocacy, recognition and support towards promoting cleanliness, sanitation and order in the City Public Market and Public Terminal. This is also very timely with the approval of the City Ordinance No. 962, Series of 2020 that includes a provision on the regulation and use of plastics. Market vendors play a vital role in the implementation of the ordinance and in ensuring a wider information dissemination to the consumers.
Formally launched last June 2021, evaluations and assessment were conducted in 3 rounds among all the stall holders / occupants. Stall holders / occupants were divided into 12 categories wherein from each category one winner was proclaimed and awarded last December 20 2021. A 10,000.00 worth of supplies and materials that can be used in the beatification and maintenance of their stall was given as an incentive for each winner.
On the other hand, 2 Quarterly Evaluations for the Search for the Cleanest and Greenest Barangay was conducted for the year 2021. One was conducted last February 2021 as the Final Evaluation for the Calendar Year 2020. The other one is the first round of evaluation for the year 2021 which was conducted last December 2021 both with 100% completion rate within the set time frame. Originally, the program was developed as an assessment and monitoring tool of the City Government in determining the performance of the barangay in implementing programs and policies relating to ecological solid waste management, pollution control, and other environmental considerations. The program also encourages the participation and mobilization of the different stakeholders in the barangay in sustaining a clean, healthy and green environment. Bigger emphasis of the evaluation is the compliance of the Barangays on their mandates under RA 9003 particularly on waste segregation, recycling, composting, functionality of the Barangay Solid Waste Management Committee and the Barangay MRF.
City Solid Waste Management Board and City Clean and Green Committee Meeting
For the year 2021, 4 joint board and committee meetings were held between the City Solid Waste Management Board and the City Clean and Green Committee. These were held on March 25, 2021 (participated by 14); July 28, 2021 (participated by 16 offices); November 16, 2021 (participated by
14 offices); December 20, 2021 (participated by 15 participants). All meetings except the July Meeting were held in the Session Hall of the Liga ng mga Barangay. The July Meeting was held in the Sanitary Landfill Office,
Barangay Can-yan. Notable discussions during the meeting includes the recommendations for the amendment of City Ordinance No. 962, Series of 2020, particularly on the plastic regulation provision; the revision of the program design of the Clean and Green to include the incentives mechanism for the stall holders of the city market and the concerns regarding the operation and improvement of the sanitary landfill.
Solid Waste Management Program
ESWM Information Drive
The City ENRO through the Environmental Management Division gave more emphasis on the information dissemination of the newly-approved ordinance No. 962, Series of 2020. The information drives were centered on the regulation on the use of plastics and styro- foam, solid waste burning and anti-littering being the new provisions of the Solid Waste Management Ordinance of the city.
For the whole year, a total of 3,793 business establishments and households from Barangays 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, Sumpong, Casisang and Aglayan (including the City Public Market and the Aglayan Public Market) were briefed / oriented on the new ordinance. In addition to the one-on- one briefing, leaflets were also distributed so as to compliment the information dissemination process.
On the other hand, the Environmental Management Division also conducted one-on-one briefing/orientation to 1,091 new business permit applicant prior to the approval of their business permit in pursuant to City Ordinance No. 662 and City Ordinance 962 that requires all business permit applicant to undergo ESWM Orientation from January – December 2021.
To make the information campaign to be more effective, IEC materials were also designed and produced. For the whole year, a total of 7,800 Leaflets/flyers where printed. The leaflets/flyers highlighted the salient features of the City Ordinance Number 962. Three sets of leaflets/flyers were produced. One for the Plastic/Styrofoam Regulation, another one for the Solid Waste Burning and one for the anti-littering campaign.
Waste Segregation at Source
Regular collection for residual solid wastes was sustained for the 43 Barangays Covered in the collection services of the City ENRO. On the other hand, the collection of the biodegradable solid wastes from the 13 Barangays were also sustained and managed by the respective barangays with the support of the City Government. Barangay Casisang even purchased its own garbage compactor for the purpose.
As part of the management of the COVID-19 related waste, the City ENRO still continued the special collection of the generated residual and biodegradable solid wastes from the hospitals, isolation center and the vaccination site thrice a week. These wastes are managed separately in the Sanitary landfill wherein these were disposed separately and immediately covered with soil.
As a measure in the proper management of solid wastes during the Pandemic, the following protocols were observed:
- Otherthan the personal protective equipment (PPE) (Mask, gloves) regularly provided, distributed face shield, boots and alcohol to all ESWM Personnel;
- Wearingand using of PPEs are strictly monitored; A memorandum was issued that imposes sanctions for non-compliance.
- Allcollection and solid waste processing personnel were required to undergo disinfection process every after Compliance is strictly monitored;
- Scheduleda special collection for all hospitals (MWF) for residual and compostable wastes only;
Solid Waste Monitoring and Enforcement
Waste segregation is fundamental to effective and efficient solid waste management. The City ENRO strengthened its monitoring to ensure compliance to ESWM Policies and Protocols especially on the newly approve City Ordinance #962 Series of 2022 among business and commercial establishment. Compliance on the use of plastics and Styrofoam were monitored during the last quarter of the year.
Prior to the approval and renewal of the business permits, commercial and business establishments were constantly reminded of the segregation policy and the proper solid waste management that includes storage, set-out and disposal. Their compliance was monitored during the conduct of composite advance inspection and during the daily collection. Establishment along Fortich Street that is covered by the daily night-shift collection was regularly monitored with the assignment of personnel who will check their compliance and who will issue citation ticket for any violation.
At the barangay level, barangay officials were regularly coordinated for the monitoring and enforcement at their respective area of jurisdiction. On the other hand, the office assigned personnel that will conduct regular monitoring on areas/open spaces/ vacant lots that became open disposal areas of solid waste (Diversion Road, Road going to Can-ayan. Areas designated as collection points were also monitored. The City ENRO also conducted regular monitoring to the illegal disposal site in Barangay Aglayan that was closed. A personnel from the office was assigned in the area for the proper monitoring.
Waste Disposal System
Update on the Safe Closure and Rehabilitation Implementation
The former final disposal facility of the City Government was already fully closed and was turned-over to the Bukidnon Tagoloanon Tribe. However, the monitoring and some activities of the Safe Closure and Rehabilitation Plan are still for implementation. Part of the plan is the conversion of the area into an Eco-park and a livelihood Center of the Tribe. Part of the activity of the Eco-park conversion is the planting of Giant Bamboos of the closed area. The City ENRO personnel initiated the bamboo planting last June 8, 2021. The activity is also part of the World Environment Day and Environment Month Celebration. A total of 300 Bamboo Propagules were planted in the covered area of the Controlled Disposal Facility.
Update on the Sanitary Landfill Operation
Committed for the efficient and effective management of the Sanitary Landfill, City Mayor Florencio T. Flores, Jr. acquired a new hydraulic excavator for the City ENRO. The necessity of having a bigger excavator was recommended himself by the City Mayor after he personally observed that the capacity of the existing unit is not enough for the placement and soil covering of the daily solid waste disposal.
Having a cost of 7 Million, the new excavator is a crawler type with a bucket capacity of 0.8 cubic meters, with 4 stroke cycle turbo diesel engine and rated gross engine power output of at least 165 HP. Funded from the Special Purpose Appropriation under the City Mayor’s Office, the new excavator will have a significant impact in the operation of the sanitary landfill. It will be used not only for the placement and covering of solid waste, but it will also be utilized for the maintenance of the access road and of the drainage canals which usually affect the operation of the facility during rainy season.
The City ENRO management under the leadership of the City ENR Officer, Maria Anita Fernandez expressed their gratitude to the City Mayor and the members of the City Council for their strong support to our ecological solid waste management program. With the new hydraulic excavator, it is expected that the delivery of our solid waste management services particularly on the aspect of solid waste disposal will be enhanced and will be compliant to existing national policies, protocols and guidelines. Soil covering of the daily waste disposal and daily maintenance of the entire sanitary landfill will be enhanced.
Waste Recycling and Composting
“Establishment of 1 Unit 1-Ton Bioreactor for the City of Malaybalay”
The City Government of Malaybalay is a recipient of a solid waste management facility under the Community Empowerment thru Science & Technology Program (CEST) Program of the DOST. The City Government received a 1.5 Million budget allocation for the purchase of a 1 unit 1-Ton-Capacity Stirred Tank Bioreactor Composting Facility in the year 2020. The facility was already purchased and delivered on January 30, 2021. The total amount of the facility is only P1,095,000.00. Thus, the City Government of Malaybalay submitted a request to the Regional Director of the DOST-Region 10 for the utilization of the remaining funds in the purchase of support facilities like additional organic shredding machine.
As part of the commitment of the supplier of the facility, a start-up and trouble-shooting training was conducted in February 4, 2021 by the supplier as a requirement also prior to the full payment of the facility. The Training was attended by City ENRO Composting Personnel and the personnel from the DOST-Bukidnon headed by Ms. Ritchie Mae L. Guno. The training is no longer new for some City ENRO personnel as the DOST-ITDI already conducted the same training in the year 2011 when the City Government of Malaybalay also received funding support from the DOST Region 10 for a 1-Ton Bioreactor Composting Facility and Plastic Densifier Project.
The operation of the facility was delayed due to the transfer of the location of the Composting Center of the city government. At first, the facility was stationed in the temporary composting area in Barangay Casisang, Malaybalay City while waiting for the completion of the new Composting Facility in Barangay Can- ayan. Due to the unavailability of power supply, the operation is only very limited with the use of a generator set. Recently, the facility was transferred to the newly-established composting facility in Barangay Can-ayan, near the City Sanitary Landfill Facility.
With the transfer of the Bioreactor to the newly-constructed Composting Facility, it is hoped that it will be operationalized and be used in the processing of the biodegradable solid wastes. The office will also hold another training for the operation and maintenance of the facility considering that there are new personnel who will be assigned for its operation. The office will try to maximize the operation of the facility by assigning personnel in a 3- shift scheme so that the operation will not only be limited to the usual eight (8) working hours. Thus, it is necessary to conduct another training for this matter.
With the addition of the new Bioreactor Composting Facility to the existing 3 Composting Facilities (1 Unit 1-Ton Bioreactor and 2 Units Rotary Composters from the Department of Agriculture), it is expected that the processing of the biodegradable solid wastes in the city will be enhanced. At present, based on the estimates by the City Environment and Natural Resources Office, the average compostable solid wastes collected by the City Government from the Poblacion Barangays is more or less 5 to 8 tons per day. The existing composting facilities are not enough to cater the daily volume of the biodegradable solid wastes brought to the composting center.
The Bioreactor is an accelerated composting technology that involves accelerated thermophilic in-vessel composting system which is basically a high-temperature reactor- based composting technology. It is designed to hasten the composting process for rapid stabilization of the organic municipal solid waste. Thus, the addition of 1-unit Bioreactor will boost the compliance of the City Government in the waste diversion target for its biodegradable as mandated under RA 9003.
Operation of the Composting Facility
The composting operation of the City Government was already transferred to its new location after the completion of the new Composting Building established within the 8- hectare Sanitary Landfill Site in Barangay Can-ayan. The facility houses the composting equipment of the city including those donated by the DOST and the DENR-EMB that cater the biodegradable solid wastes from the poblacion barangays including Sumpong and Casisang.
The facility is manned by 29 personnel that work by shift in order to ensure that the biodegradable solid wastes are properly managed. In 2021, the composting facility was able to harvest and produce 64,375 kilos of soil conditioner/garden soil from. Produced soil conditioner were distributed to requesting barangays for the utilization of their respective Barangay Gulayan and Nursery. Some offices, schools and organization were also became recipients of free soil enhancer/conditioner.
Close coordination with the Barangay Officials in Barangays 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, Sumpong and Casisang were sustained in the year 2021 for any concerns and issues regarding the collection and management of biodegradable solid wastes. Visitation, meetings and discussions were conducted with the Barangay Councils.
City Material Recovery Facility
The City MRF also served as the drop-off center, sorting station and storage area for recyclable solid wastes. The City MRF accepts only the cartons and papers of eleven barangays in poblacion. The City MRF is managed by the composting personnel of City ENRO who are also assigned in the process of biodegradable waste. From January to December 2021, the total kilos of recyclables being sold was at 20,000 with total sales of P 20,000.00. The generated amount was also utilized for the purchase of sanitation materials and in the immediate/minor repair of the organic shredder.
Charcoal Briquettes Production Project
Another project granted to the City Government of Malaybalay is the Charcoal Briquettes Production Project under the Community Empowerment through Science and Technology granted by the Department of Science and Technology. A budget of P400,000.00 was allocated and was downloaded to the Trust Fund Account of the City Government of Malaybalay in 2020. The budget was intended for the Production of Charcoal Briquettes from Waste Products that also aims to provide livelihood to the project beneficiary.
The identified beneficiary of the project is the women members of the Bukidnon- Tagoloanon Tribe (BTT) who are also members of the Malaybalay City Federation of Local Councils of Women (MCFLCW, Inc.). The facility was stationed in the Material Recovery Facility within the closed controlled disposal facility in Barangay Can-ayan which is now currently the livelihood center of the BTT. The location is also more or less 400 meters away from the newly established composting facility of the City Government where the Bioreactor Composting Facility still under the CEST Program is also located. With the proximity of the two projects, it will be easier for the City ENRO and DOST Bukidnon to monitor the two projects. The equipment was only delivered on July 6, 2021 due to the daily of the procurement process. Delay was attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic wherein suppliers failed to return the Request for Quotation. One reason that may cause the reluctance of the suppliers to participate on the procurement process may be the difficulty in the transport and mobility due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As part of the project, a three-day Charcoal Briquettes Production Training Workshop was held last November 23 – 25, 2021, held at the livelihood center of the BTT in Barangay Can-ayan. The training was participated by 31 participants coming from the BTT Women, the City ENRO and the DOST Bukidnon. The training was designed to equip the recipients of the program and the personnel of the City ENRO who will be engaged in the monitoring of the project the knowledge and skills on the concept and the processes involved in the charcoal briquette production. During the training the participants were trained how to operate all the facilities and equipment. They were trained how to prepare all the medium like the carbonized rice hull/dry leaves and the sticking / hardening agent made from starch. The final output of the training was the ready-to-use charcoal briquettes. The participants expressed their gratitude for the learnings and the memorable experience.
Multi—Partite Monitoring for Environmental Critical Projects and Projects within Environmental Critical Areas
The City Government organized the City Government of Malaybalay Environmental Multi- Partite Monitoring Team by virtue of Executive Order No. 21, Series of 2012 and was re-organized last September 17, 2019 by virtue of Executive Order No. 37. The City MMT is tasked to monitor the environmental quality within the city’s territorial jurisdiction and to monitor compliance of environmentally critical project to environmental laws, rules, and regulations, conducted monitoring to an existing large-scale agricultural plantation and some piggeries and poultries. Part of the monitoring is the solid waste management system of these establishments particularly waste segregation and management of hazardous/special solid wastes generated in their respective operations.
The City Multi-Partite Monitoring Team conducted compliance and environmental monitoring to a total of 62 projects to assess their compliance to the issued Environmental
Compliance Certificate and/or their compliance to existing environmental protocols and policies. Most of these projects are poultries, piggeries and plantations covering the period January – December 2021. Prioritized in the monitoring were piggeries because of its potential risk in terms of water pollution and nuisance from its generated waste water and solid wastes.
he City MMT is also closely monitoring two piggery farms to which violations were elevated to the Pollution and Adjudication Board for violating
RA 9275 and its Implementing Rules and Regulations. Through the monitoring of the City MMT, it was found out that there were considerable violations of these farms especially on the management of their waste water affecting the quality of the receiving water body. Thus, a Cease and Desist Order was issued.
The City Government of Malaybalay sponsors the 1st Eco-Wall Mural Painting Contest
As part of the Environment Month Celebration – 2021, the City ENRO spearheaded the conduct of the 1st Eco-Wall Mural Painting contest on June 22 – 30, 2021. Anchored on the Team, “Strengthening Local Action towards Ecosystem Services Enhancement”, the activity is in partnership with the Malaybalay City Employees Multi-Purpose Cooperative (MACEMPC) and the Local Youth Development Office (LYDO). The painting area is the fence of the New City Hall along the access road going to the Casisang International Christian School.
The activity was formally opened on June 22, 2021 with 10 participating artists from the Province of Bukidnon and ended with the awarding ceremony held on June 30, 2021. The awarding ceremony became the highlights of the culmination of the month- long celebration of the Environment Month. During his message, City Mayor OIC, City Vice Mayor Jay Warren R. Pabillaran emphasized the importance of the involvement of the youth in environmental conservation and protection initiatives even starting from small things like that of addressing improper solid waste disposal and littering and in utilizing arts as a tool in education dissemination. The awarding was also made special with the presence of City Councilor Louel M. Tortola (Committee Chair on Environment); Mr. Brian M. Flores (Executive Assistant IV), Engr. Naome H. Delos Reyes (MACEMPC BODChairman), Maria Anita L. Fernandez (City ENR Officer) and Mr. Dexter M. Gamo (LYDOfficer III).
The board of judges declared the following as winners:
First Price: Mural Entry No. 3 by John Paul Canubas
Second Price: Mural Entry No. 1 by Jon A. Bolongaita
Third Price: Mural Entry No. 5 by May Karel R. Aupe
Mural Entry No. 10 by Alex D. Inojaldo
The four entries declared as the major awardees were given cash awards and certificates of recognition. All other non- winning entries also received cash incentives and certificates of participation.
The City ENRO being the lead office in the City Government in advancing environmental management services of the city hopes that the activity will encourage other youth to become active partners in endeavors that aims to protect and conserve our environment for an ecological sustainable development.
ORIENTATION OF CITY ORDINANCE NUMBER 962, SERIES OF 2020
In preparation for the full implementation of the City Ordinance No. 962, Series of 2020, “An Ordinance Providing for a Solid Waste Integrated Management, Creating the Necessary Institutional Mechanisms and Incentives, Declaring Certain Acts Prohibited and Providing Penalties, Appropriating Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes”, the City ENRO conducted an Orientation on April 23, 2021, held in the Sanitary Landfill Office Building, in Barangay Can-ayan, Malaybalay City. The activity was participated by all technical personnel from the two divisions, the Environmental Management Division and the Watershed Management Division, including the office personnel.
The conduct of the activity was also part of the celebration of the Earth Day 2021 in which for this year focuses on forging collaboration to restore our earth. Particularly, the orientation aims to equipped all key personnel of the City ENRO on the specific provisions of the newly approved ordinance more specifically on the provision on the regulation on the use of styro-foam and plastic, open burning, open dumping/disposal and the on the penal provisions. Being the lead office in the implementation of the solid waste management program of the city, it is necessary that all personnel of the City ENRO are aware of the environmental policies and regulations especially that most of the personnel are engaged in the delivery of environmental services in the different barangays.
The newly approved ordinance is a consolidation of all existing solid waste related ordinances of the City. It however, includes new provisions on the regulation on the use of plastic and styro-foam, solid waste burning, littering, open disposal, and the regulation of the operation of the junkshops within the City of Malaybalay. It also clearly defines the waste classification into four types pursuant to RA 9003 so as to delineate the functions of the Barangay LGU from that of the City Government of Malaybalay in the management of each type of waste.
The approval of the ordinance is expected to contribute to the waste reduction and waste diversion effort of the City Government. It is also expected that open dumping of solid wastes to water bodies will also be minimized if not totally eliminated. And with the conduct of the orientation, all personnel of the City ENRO can help in the information dissemination and in encouraging participation among all residents and stakeholders as to ensure an ecological sustainable economic development in the city.
In 2021, the City Plant Nursery was able to produce 585,184 assorted forest and fruit tree seedlings including ornamental plants and has disposed a total of 253,848 assorted seedlings to individuals with privately-owned lands in Malaybalay City, government institutions, barangay government units, schools, and non- government/religious organizations engaged in tree planting and growing activities.
It is estimated that around 523.325 hectares of lands were planted with assorted forest (322.485 has.) and fruit (67.57 has.) trees, coffee (15.82 has.) and bamboos (117.45 has.) in 2021. The seedlings are produced at the City Plant Nurseries located in Barangay Casisang and Zamboanguita.
In particular, the City ENRO massively distributed bamboo propagules for the private individuals and other stakeholders in Malaybalay City under the Riverbank Stabilization Project. The bamboos were planted to private lands adjacent to water bodies (rivers and creek). For 2021, an approximate 230.77 hectares of bamboo plantation in private and public lands adjacent to creeks and rivers were established, and 84.05km stretch for erosion control along creeks in Malaybalay City.
Protection and Management of the Kibalabag Watershed
In Malaybalay City, the source of drinking water mainly comes from Kibalabag River wherein the water sourced from the river undergoes a process through the Malaybalay City Government Water Supply System before it is made available for domestic, commercial and industrial uses. One of the best strategies employed by the City Government is to rehabilitate the headwater by planting Balete (Ficus balete).
The selection and preference of this specie is based on the ability of the Balete to hold water that is ten times more compared to the ordinary forest trees. It is also easily grown in the area considering that it is endemic in most of the forest areas in Malaybalay City. For 2021, another 30 hectares were planted with Banyan (Balete Trees) and other endemic/miscellaneous trees near the Malaybalay City water source. The project has a budget allocation of P500,000 sourced from the City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Fund. The newly-planted area is in addition to the 29 hectares Banyan plantation established in 2020.
To sum, a total of 59 hectares of Banyan plantation is already established in Barangay Kibalabag with the aim of preserving the ecosystem of the headwater and to strengthen community awareness of the dwellers nearby the headwater as they were contracted for the maintenance of the plantation areas. The project is implemented in coordination with the Save our Water and Green Areas (SAWAGA) Movement, Inc. and the CDRRMO.
Anti-Illegal Logging Checkpoint Operation (Anti-Environment Crime Task Force)
The anti-illegal logging checkpoint operates for already eight years since its installation in November 2013. Currently, there are five checkpoints operating 24/7 and manned by fifty-nine (59) Job Order personnel hired by the City Government of Malaybalay altogether with some personnel from the DENR-CENRO Valencia City.
The table below shows the number of stopped vehicles loaded with forest products by the five (5) different City Anti-illegal Logging Checkpoints (Anti-Environment Crime Task Force) from January to December 2021 in Malaybalay City.
|Location of City Anti-illegal Logging Checkpoints|
|Month||Poblicion 01||Managok||Bangcud||San Jose||Dalwangan|
Forest Fire Management Program/Forest Foot Patrol Activity
Another forest protection activity for the watershed areas conducted by the City Government of Malaybalay is the suppression of forest fires in Malaybalay City. As the number of persons living adjacent to the protected areas continue to increase, the scale of illegal activity will likely expand and areas of habitat set aside for wildlife conservation will come under pressure. Active monitoring is identified as the strongest deterrent to poaching farming inside the protected forests. In 2021, the City Government hired 48 city forest foot patrollers that monitored the areas considered as hotspots for intentional forest fire incidence, illegal cutting of trees, hunting of wild animals and extraction of timber and non-timber products. Remarkably, the presence of patrollers resulted to zero serious forest fire incidence in Malaybalay City for this year. The teams also conducted surveillance of illegal cutting of trees, resulting to the apprehension of illegally-cut naturally grown trees (e.g., white lauan and red lauan) in hotspot areas within our AOR.
Sustainable Land Management (SLM) Program
In 2021, the City ENRO was able to continue this project which was funded by the CDRRM Fund with the amount of P900,00 covering 30 hectares. The City ENRO have distributed 10,500 assorted grafted fruit trees, forest trees, with other farm inputs (corn seeds, fertilizers) to 30 new beneficiaries. Currently, there is a total of 84 has. of lands under the SLM program mostly situated in the Upper Pulangi Barangays.
Upland Development Project
Since the implementation of the Upland Development Project in 2011, there are about 500.25 hectares of rubber plantation established in Malaybalay City through the City ENRO. These projects are situated mostly in the Upper Pulangi and Basakan barangays for the purpose of controlling soil degradation in the hilly areas. In 2021, the City ENRO have monitored 113 hectares of the said rubber plantation, now mostly mature trees. The farmers have benefited the project already as their alternative source of livelihood as the planted rubber trees have reached tapping stage.
Maintenance of Barangay Tree Parks and City Tree Parks
The existing 18 barangay tree parks were continually monitored in 2021. Most of these trees that were planted 10 years ago already have mature trees enriching the surroundings of the barangays that they are located by providing an enhanced greener urban environment. This year, 14 barangay tree parks were also established, thus, there are already 32 barangay tree parks in Malaybalay City.
In 2021, Malaybalay City is among the lucky cities in the country to receive a grant of P18million as Local Government Support Fund
for the upgrade of the Malaybalay City Tree Park from the Department of Budget and Management. The project will be implemented
Managing Geo-hazard Areas
In 2021, the City ENRO continued to monitor the purok/sitios of the different barangays identified as geohazard areas by the Mines and Geosciences Bureau of the DENR. There were 139 landslide prone areas and 134 flood prone areas located in the different barangays in Malaybalay City monitored and the monitoring reports were furnished to the respective Punong Barangay.
In 2021, 2,700 seedlings were planted along the interior roads in Basakan and Upper Pulangui barangays in Malaybalay City reaching to a total of 45 km stretched. The roadside greening activities were initiated by the respective barangays in coordination with the City ENRO.
Resource Management and Protection in support to the PAMB activities
Aside from the regular annual financial assistance worth Php1.5M for the protection and rehabilitation of the Mount Kitanglad Range Natural Park, the technical personnel of the Watershed Management Division have facilitated the conduct of foot patrol activities of the KGVs within our area of responsibility (Barangay Imbayao, Capitan Anghel, Mapayag and Dalwangan) every month using the LAWIN technique covering 770 hectares of protected lands. Currently, there are 50 Kitanglad Guard Volunteers in Malaybalay City. Each KGV receives P2,000 per month as honorarium for the foot patrol activities conducted in their respective area of jurisdiction. Protective personnel equipment and food packs were given to them by the City Government last November 9, 2021 in connection with the celebration of the Aldaw ta Kitanglad 2021.
Water Resource Assessment at Barangay Kibalabag, Malaybalay City
Pursuant to Republic Act 9275 otherwise known as the Philippine Clean Water Act which declares that the state shall pursue a policy on economic growth in a manner constitute with the protection, preservation and revival of the quality of fresh, brackish and marine water, the Local Government of Malaybalay is persistent to implement precautionary measures against water pollution (City Environment Code, Ordinance No. 523, Series of 2003 “An Ordinance Approving and Enacting the Environment Code of the City of Malaybalay. Section 43.h of the said code state that the City Government shall monitor aquatic environment quality, including causes and effects of water degradation as well as prohibit the construction and other structures along riverbanks, other water channels, lakes and ponds. In addition, Local Government Code (RA 7160) provided for the devaluation to local government units the responsibility of environment management and the maintenance of ecological balance.
Recently, the City Government has faced a challenge towards protecting the Kibalabag headwater as tourism activities has been introduced in the area by private individuals. Tourism establishments are already built within the protected water bodies such as the waterfalls and rivers. If the areas are not properly managed, degradation of the headwater is possible in the coming years. During the initial water quality sampling done last April 21, 2021, fecal coliform was >8.0 in all the sampling sites, which is beyond the water quality guidelines of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR DAO No. 2016-08). The absence of regulating policies/ordinance to be implemented in the Kibalabag headwater will result to its degradation and affect the quantity and quality of the drinking water in Malaybalay City.
Hence, an updated science-based and independent undertaking was done initially to come up with data and information that will serve as basis in formulating policy decisions. The data and information will be useful for future monitoring as well as designing management initiatives of the Malaybalay City Environment and Natural Resources Office (City ENRO) to reduce the possible deterioration of the quality of the environment in the area. The study is a joint-undertaking between the City ENRO representing Malaybalay City and four technical experts from the College of Forestry and Environmental Science (CFES) from Central Mindanao University which will be finished in June, 2022.
Upgrading of the Watershed Management Plan in Malaybalay City
Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991 provided for the devolution to local government units the responsibility of environment management and the maintenance of ecological balance. Last July, 2021 the Honorable City Mayor Florencio T. Flores, Jr. issued Executive Order No. 145 Series of 2021 entitled An Executive Order Creating the Technical Working Group (TWG) for the Updating of the Watershed Management Plan of the City Government of Malaybalay. For 2021, an Orientation of the members of the TWG was done last October 26, 2021 and the identification of the concerned stakeholders on November 11, 2021 in Malaybalay City.
In the formulation of the IWMP, the City Government of Malaybalay abides with the DENR Memorandum Circular No. 2008-05 Guidelines in the Preparation of Integrated Watershed Management Plan and Technical Bulletin 16A of DENR dated July 12, 2019 Revised Supplemental Guidelines and Procedures of Watershed Characterization and Climate Resilient Vulnerability Assessment of Watersheds and Preparation of Integrated Watershed Management Plan. The formulation of the plan will be science-based and stakeholder engagement are needed to come with data and information that will serve as basis in formulating policy decisions. Generally, the activities and tasks in the formulation for the Integrated Watershed Management Plan gears towards the achievement of producing the said plan for CY 2022-2032.
Specifically, the Integrated Watershed Management Plan of Malaybalay City will be a collection of recommendations and approach for managing the three (3) watersheds (Sawaga, Tagoloan, and Upper Pulangi) in Malaybalay City. The IWMP will serve as guidance for watershed management decisions, identify specific actions that could be implemented, outline the roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders, and suggest an implementation strategy based on voluntary and statutory activities.