Spatial Demography

A.Total and Household Population, Growth Rate and Density

Over the past 18 years, Malaybalay has experienced a rapid growth in population due to natural increase and to the influx of migrants from other regions and from neighboring municipalities. Based on the NSO census, Malaybalay’s 2000 population was 123,672 and went up to 153,085 in 2010, which registered a growth rate of 2.16%. With this current growth rate, the projected population for 2019 is 186,279. By 2020 population would be 190,432 and by 2025, it would be 212,790 (refer to Table 1: Historical Population, Growth Rate, and Density by Area). 

Based on the projections, the 2019 population density for the entire city is 1.72 persons per hectare, which is about 19% increase based on 2000 density of 1.41. By 2020 and 2025, population density for the whole city would be 1.76 and 1.97 persons per hectare respectively. Population density is highest in the urban barangays with 12.15 persons per hectare, followed by urbanizing barangays with 2.7, and rural barangays with only 0.91. By 2025 the density distribution will be 14.95, 3.23 and nearly 1.01 persons per hectare of land for urban, urbanizing and rural barangays respectively. With this increase in population it is also foreseen that there will be a corresponding increase in the demand for space, housing, public utilities and social services, especially in the urban and urbanizing barangays.

Table 1: Historical Population, Growth Rate, and Density by Area
Barangay Censal Population Growth Rate 2019 Projected Pop’n Pop’n Distri-bution LAND AREA hectare 2019 Pop’n Density Projected Population Projected Pop’n Density 2025
2000 2010
Urban 40,764 54,785 3.00% 71,484 38% 5,711 12.51 73,629 85,357 14.94
Urbanizing 18,230 23,516 2.58% 29,572 16% 10,675 2.77 30,335 34,453 3.22
Rural 64,678 74,784 1.46% 85,223 46% 91,872 0.92 86,469 92,979 1.01
TOTAL 123,672 153,085 2.16% 186,279 108,258 1.72 190,432 212,790 1.96

Source:NSO

The city government of Malaybalay has its own survey system called Malaybalay Integrated Survey System that conducted a 100% enumeration of households in the city. The latest MISS was 2017 and it showed that the total actual population of the city was 172,945. Total household population is 38,415 and the average household size is 5 (refer to Table 2: Population, Number of Household by Barangay and Average Household Size). The total population of MISS 2017 is not too far from the NSO projected population of 178,268 for the same year. As also shown in Table 2: Population, Number of Household by Barangay and Average Household Size below, there is more male population (89,412) than female population (83,533) in the city.

Table 2: Population, Number of Household by Barangay and Average Household Size
BARANGAY Population Number of Household Average Household Size
Male Female Total
URBAN BARANGAYS
Brgy. 1 2,232 2,307 4,539 986 5
Brgy. 2 354 393 747 176 4
Brgy. 3 179 199 378 84 5
Brgy. 4 212 230 442 108 4
Brgy. 5 78 77 155 39 4
Brgy. 6 326 332 658 160 4
Brgy. 7 1,060 1,055 2,115 467 5
Brgy. 8 299 328 627 145 4
Brgy. 9 3,695 3,707 7,402 1,603 5
Brgy. 10 1,495 1,444 2,939 638 5
Brgy. 11 1,650 1,565 3,215 725 4
Casisang 11,860 11,750 23,610 5,124 5
Sumpong 4,275 4,275 8,392 1,944 4
Sub-Tatal Urban 27,715 27,504 55,219 12,199 5
URBANIZING BARANGAYS
Aglyan 3,920 3,696 7,616 1,713 4
Bangcud 3,009 2,902 5,911 1,387 4
Managok 3,965 3,643 7,608 1,741 4
San Jose 3,259 3,070 6,329 1,380 5
Sub-total Urbanizing 14,153 13,311 27,464 6,221 4
RURAL BARANGAY
Apo Macote 2,716 2,348 5,064 1,108 5
Busdi 1,351 1,093 2,444 527 5
Cabangahan 1,573 1,440 3,013 695 4
Caburacanan 585 522 1,107 262 4
Can-ayan 3,333 2,891 6,224 1,439 4
Capitan Angel 704 627 1,331 267 5
Dalwangan 3,845 3,399 7,244 1,582 5
Imbayao 1,066 870 1,936 448 4
Indalasa 937 862 1,799 372 5
Kalasungay 4,302 4,155 8,457 1,871 5
Kibalabag 641 569 1,210 253 5
Kulaman 728 640 1,368 258 5
Laguitas 1,598 1,411 3,009 683 4
Linabo 3,884 3,571 7,455 1,690 4
Magsaysay 1,747 1,537 3,284 735 4
Maligaya 1,199 1,048 2,247 531 4
Manalog 523 476 999 187 5
Mapayag 742 658 1,400 323 4
Mapulo 712 644 1,356 278 5
Miglamin 1,718 1,572 3,290 749 4
Patpat 1,728 1,708 3,436 713 5
San Martin 1,754 1,580 3,334 726 5
Sila-e 1,434 1,259 2,693 573 5
Simaya 2,269 2,057 4,326 1,036 4
Sinanglanan 1,925 1,735 3,660 784 5
St. Peter 1,362 1,183 2,545 579 4
Sto. Niño 930 838 1,768 401 4
Violeta 1,317 1,206 2,523 551 5
Zamboanguita 921 819 1,740 374 5
Sub-total Rural 47,544 42,718 90,262 19,995 5
Total 89,412 83,533 172,945 38,415 5

Source: MISS 2017

B. Population Composition by Age Group

Looking closely at the composition of population in Table 3: Population Composition by School-Age, Working-age, Dependent-Age Group, it can be observed that the school-age population of 3 to 21 years old is about 41% of the total population. Among the school-age group, it is the elementary age of 7 to 12 years old that has the highest percentage of 13%, followed by pre-school and tertiary school-age group with 10% respectively, and the secondary has the lowest percentage at only 8%.

The young dependent population (0-14 years old) of the city is 58,191 or 34% of the total population. The old dependent population (65 and above years old) is 6,982 or 4% of the total population. Thus, the total dependent population (includes young and old dependents) totals to 65,173 or 38% of the total population. Still looking at table 3, it appears that the working age group of 15 years old to 64 years old is at 107,772 which made up 62% of the total city population.

C. Historical Growth of Population and Projections

The population of Malaybalay had been declining since 1990 to 2000 with an average annual growth rate of 3.4 compared to the annual average of 4.5 from the period 1980 to 1990. The growth rate continued to decline with an average of 1.5 annually from 2000 to 2014. However, the growth rate had increased by 2.1 percent on an annual average during the period 2014 to 2017. Among the fastest growing barangays are Dalwangan with 7.08% growth rate, Patpat with 6.85%, Casisang with 4.37% and San Jose 3.02%.

If the current 2.11% growth rate is maintained, Malaybalay City’s total population will reach 213,182 with 52,120 households by 2027. This signifies about 40 thousand persons added to the city’s population and 13,705 households from 2017 to 2027.

D. Population in the Labor Force

Of the population 15 years old and over, 54% are in the labor force and gainfully employed while only 5% are unemployed. 36% are not in the labor force which includes retired persons, permanently disabled, students, and those taking care of children or other family members. In terms of labor force distribution by sex, there are more males employed than females. By areas, more males are employed in rural areas which are twice the number of males employed in urban and urbanizing areas. However, more females are employed in urban and urbanizing areas compared to rural areas.